Rhodes

   Island in the Aegean Sea (q.v.) off the southwest coast of Asia Minor (q.v.). In 654 Muawiya (q.v.) briefly occupied the island, destroying the famous Colossus of Rhodes. Despite this and subsequent attacks, the island remained in Byzantine hands. Its strategic importance increased during the period of the Crusades (q.v.) when it was one of the chief points of call for ships going between Italy and Syria (qq.v.). After the capture of Constantinople (q.v.) in 1204 it came under the control of the Gabalas family, who had a long history of service with the Byzantine fleet. Leo Gabalas was succeeded by John Gabalas in 1240, and not until 1249 was the Empire of Nicaea (q.v.), under John III Vatatzes (qq.v.), able to retake the island. Thereafter, it was ruled by Genoa, and, after 1309, by the Hospitallers (q.v.), who held it until it was conquered by the Ottomans (q.v.) in 1522.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • RHODES — L’île de Rhodes et la ville qui porte son nom se trouvent au confluent de l’Occident et de l’Orient. Terre chargée d’histoire, elle est le résumé brillant et dramatique des empires qui se sont succédé depuis trois millénaires dans cette région du …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • RHODES — (Rhodos), Greek island in the Aegean Sea, with city of the same name. It is the largest of the Dodecanese Islands in the Aegean Sea and also known as the Island of Roses. Ancient Period The biblical reference to Rhodes is in Genesis 10:4–5.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Rhodes — steht für: Rhodes (Moselle), eine französische Gemeinde im Département Moselle Rhodes (Iowa), ein Ort im US Bundesstaat Iowa Rhodes (New South Wales), ein Vorort der australischen Stadt Sydney in New South Wales Fender Rhodes, ein elektrisches… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rhodes — • A titular metropolitan of the Cyclades Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Rhodes     Rhodes     † …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Rhodes — a large Greek island near the coast of Turkey. In ancient times Rhodes was famous because of the ↑Colossus of Rhodes, and now it is a popular place for tourists. Rhodes 2 Rhodes, Ce|cil (1853 1902) a South African politician, born in the UK, who… …   Dictionary of contemporary English

  • RHODES (C. J.) — RHODES CECIL JOHN (1853 1902) Homme d’affaires brillant et grand homme d’État britannique, apôtre de l’expansionnisme colonial, nouveau conquistador, philanthrope, Cecil Rhodes a été aussi passionnément admiré que vilipendé. Fils d’un pasteur… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Rhodes — Rhodes, Cecil * * * (as used in expressions) Rhodes, Alexandre de Rhodes, beca Rhodes, Cecil (John) …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Rhodes —   [rəʊdz],    1) Cecil John, britisch südafrikanischer Kolonialpolitiker, * Bishop s Stortford (bei Hertford) 5. 7. 1853, ✝ Muizenberg (heute zu Kapstadt) 26. 3. 1902; wanderte 1869 nach Südafrika aus und erwarb sich dort seit 1878 im… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Rhodes — Rhodes, IA U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 294 Housing Units (2000): 129 Land area (2000): 1.015765 sq. miles (2.630820 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.015765 sq. miles (2.630820 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Rhodes, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 294 Housing Units (2000): 129 Land area (2000): 1.015765 sq. miles (2.630820 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.015765 sq. miles (2.630820 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • rhodes — rhodes; rhodes·wood; …   English syllables

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