Island in the Aegean Sea (q.v.) off the southwest coast of Asia Minor (q.v.). In 654 Muawiya (q.v.) briefly occupied the island, destroying the famous Colossus of Rhodes. Despite this and subsequent attacks, the island remained in Byzantine hands. Its strategic importance increased during the period of the Crusades (q.v.) when it was one of the chief points of call for ships going between Italy and Syria (qq.v.). After the capture of Constantinople (q.v.) in 1204 it came under the control of the Gabalas family, who had a long history of service with the Byzantine fleet. Leo Gabalas was succeeded by John Gabalas in 1240, and not until 1249 was the Empire of Nicaea (q.v.), under John III Vatatzes (qq.v.), able to retake the island. Thereafter, it was ruled by Genoa, and, after 1309, by the Hospitallers (q.v.), who held it until it was conquered by the Ottomans (q.v.) in 1522.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Rhodes, IA — U.S. city in Iowa Population (2000): 294 Housing Units (2000): 129 Land area (2000): 1.015765 sq. miles (2.630820 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 1.015765 sq. miles (2.630820 sq. km) FIPS code:… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • rhodes — rhodes; rhodes·wood; …   English syllables

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